Pakistan Studies

Role of women in Pakistan

Women empowerment

This post evaluates the role of women in Pakistan and suggests ways to improve their status in society.


Like most parts of the world, Pakistan is not an exception as a male-dominated society. Important decisions concerning family, its members, and even in the collectives spheres of life rest with male folk. Nevertheless, historically the women have played a pivotal role in the traditional setup of the country. Now, with increased opportunities for education, industrialization, and technology-driven age, the role of Pakistan women is also seeing change. 

What is the role of women in Pakistani society?

The role of women in Pakistan is as follows: 

Involvement in House Hold activities

Women as house wives and mothers perform almost all domestic chores. They do daily household work, i.e. cooking, washing up clothes of kids and family members, taking care of guests, cleaning, etc.

Child care and nursing
Child rearing and grooming in their entirety are the most important responsibilities of women in Pakistan. They look after the child, feed and nurse them. Moreover, they also play their role in taking care of child education, teaching morals, and social etiquette. In the traditional setup, the woman is mostly responsible for the ethical grooming of the child. 

Woman role in Agriculture

Pakistan is an agricultural country as more than seventy percent people practice small scale subsistence farming. Women play an important part as equal partners of men in agriculture practices. They work with their men on fields, at live stock farms, etc. and contribute to the economic sustenance of their families

Professional role

As more and more women get educated, the number o female entering into different fields is increasing. Although the number is still minute and need to be increased but today females are doctors, engineers, pilots, mountaineers, Army and police officers, politicians, teachers , educators and so on.

What would you suggest to improve the status of women in Pakistan?    

Following are the suggested remedies that can help improve the status of women in Pakistan: 

Establishment of separate Girl schools

Government should establish separate girl schools in conservative communities where co-education is not liked. Only girl schools can help motivate parents and communities to enroll their daughter in the school.

Introduction of co-education

Gender equality can be promoted through introduction of co-education in areas where people own moderate views towards gender sensitivities. Co-education from an earlier stage gives confidence to females to act and behave in an otherwise dominated society.

Increase in female representation in Parliament

Currently women are provided only 33% representation in the National Assembly, Senate, provincial assemblies, and all levels of government. Government should get laws passed giving females more seats these elected bodies and different levels of government. Such an action will empower females politically.

Increase in no. of female seats in Civil Service

Government should also increase the number of seats for women in Civil service and other jobs. This will ensure the increased role of females in national development.

Provision of Microcredit loans for business:

Government can interest provide micro-credit (small) loans on easy terms of return for women to start small and medium-sized businesses. This will help many women come forward in business and become economically empowered.

Vocational Training’s

Vocational and Technical Education, for unemployed women can be the key to income generation and better employment opportunities. Training women in beautician work, domestic tailoring, handicrafts, financial education, etc. can prove productive.  Once equipped with such skills, women can start earning and stand on their own feet.

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