This post briefly but succinctly describes the impact of climatic conditions and natural topography on agriculture in the context of Pakistan.
Climatic conditions influence farming greatly as different crops grow in different climates. The crops, vegetables, fruit that grow in highland climates usually cannot grow in low land climate. The moderate nature and severity of climate shape the farming methods and nature of different areas.
For example, in Indus plain people practice crop cultivation throughout the year because of moderate temperature. On the contrary, farming activity literally stops for half of the year in the mountainous regions of the Himalayas, Karakoram, and Hindukush. Thus unlike cold regions crops are cultivated and animals are reared on a large scale where the moderate climate is found.
Impact of Climatic Conditions and Topography On Agriculture
|Climatic region||Topography||Climatic Conditions||Effects on agriculture|
|Highland climate||Mountainous areas |
(The regions include northern, north-western and western highlands.)
|Lowland Zone||Indus Plain/plain areas of Sindh and Punjab.|
|Coastal Climate||Coastal areas||The climate is dominated by sea breezes throughout the year. Because of blowing of sea breezes the climate is moderate. Winters are mild and summers are hot.|
|Desert/Arid Climate||Deserts||Nomadic life and livestock farming|